Classic: How To Paint A Seascape
Step 14: Adding Contrast, Depth, And Aerial Perspective
Next, work on the area beneath the meadow, on the coastline where the rocky foundation is exposed to the waves. Add the shadows to these rocks using the same color as you did for the other rocks, and paint the craggy effect with uneven strokes of the brush. Keep checking the values and using your picture for reference. You can also add crevices towards the foreground, but again, getting the shapes of the shadows in the right place is more important than adding too many details. Add more Cerulean Blue to the mix towards the base of the rocky island, where it meets the sea. For the darkest areas where the rocks are always wet, mix in Burnt Umber and Permanent Violet, especially as you get towards the foreground of the painting. This is the best way to add an aerial perspective to your painting, i.e. where objects closer to you appear darker in color than objects in the distance. Also, avoid using black at all costs, as this will dull down the brightness and life of your painting.